There are many reasons that can cause a cat to urinate outside his litter box. It is very important to first rule out any medical cause, such as a urinary tract infection or a cystitis (an inflammation of the bladder) to name a few. Once your veterinarian has examined your cat and completed the urine analysis and other necessary diagnostics to make sure everything is ok, then we can consider a few things to try. Some cats are very particular about their litter box and the surrounding environment.
Here are a few general guidelines to follow to create a more favourable environment:
1) Always have one more litter box than the number of cats that you have; so for two cats, it is best to have three boxes.
2) Use a non-scented litter; since their sense of smell is so much more developed than ours, any type of perfume can be quite unpleasant and even uncomfortable for them.
3) Use a litter tray that is large enough so your cat has ample room to turn around.
4) Some older cats suffering from arthritis can benefit from a tray that has a lower rim all around so they can get in and out more easily.
5) Clean out the litter box once to twice daily and change it completely every one to two weeks.
6) Most cats prefer a litter box without a hood; and when you think about it none of us really appreciate using a Port-o-Potty; it’s the same thing for your kitty!
7) Ideally, keep the food and water dishes in a separate room.
8) Some cats can get startled when a loud noise occurs whilst they’re in the box; keeping their litter away from the washer and dryer can be helpful.
These are just some of the tips that can help your cat. Don’t hesitate to contact your veterinary team if you have any questions or if you need further information, that’s what they’re there for!
By Dr. Lecavalier, DVM
Staffed by caring professionals, Animal 911 Hôpital Vétérinaire is endorsed by their many pets – starting with Dr. W and his four cats: Bubbles, Misia, Bisous and Duszek. Dr. Wybranowski – (Dr. W. for short) has been actively building their practice and range of expertise for 30 years – from his early start in a one-room practice from his home.